Wednesday, December 15, 2010
Abul Kalam Azad
Amidst public turmoil following the partition of India, he worked for religious agreement. As India's Education Minister, Azad overlooked the institution of a national education system with free primary education and modern institutions of higher education. He is also attributed with the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology and the foundation of the University Grants Commission, an essential institution to manage and advance the higher education in the nation.
Azad's family descended from a line of renowned scholars of Islam, coming from Herat and had settled in India during the reign of the Mughal emperor Babur. His mother was of Arab descent, and his father, Maulana Khairuddin was from Herat. The family lived in the Bengal region until Maulana Khairuddin left India during the Indian rebellion of 1857 and settled in Makkah, the holiest city in Islam, where he got married to an Arab woman, mother of Azad. Azad mastered several languages, including Urdu, Arabic, Hindko, Persian, and Hindi. He was also skilled in the subjects of Hanafi fiqh , shariat , mathematics, philosophy, world history and science by eminent tutors hired by his family. An eager and strong-minded student, the intelligent Azad was running a library, a reading room, a debating society before his teenage, he wanted to write on the life of Ghazali, was also adding learned articles to Makhzan at fourteen, was teaching a class of students, most of whom were twice his age, when he was merely fifteen and succeeded in completing the traditional course of study at the young age of sixteen, nine years ahead of his generation, and brought out a magazine at the same age.
To read more Click here